Everything You Need To Know About Myopia or Short-Sightedness

Everything You Need To Know About Myopia or Short-Sightedness

Uncorrected refractive errors such as Myopia or short-sightedness is one of the most common vision 1` in people [1]. In recent years, the number of individuals experiencing myopia has increased at an alarming rate[2].

[3]The prevalence of myopia has been progressively rising, with nearly 28 per cent of the global population being affected in 2010. Research suggests that by the year 2050, almost 50 per cent of the population worldwide will suffer from myopia.

Such growing levels of myopia increase the risk of vision impairment and, in some cases, may result in permanent visual disability because of associated sight-threatening problems3.

What is Myopia?

With myopia, you can see objects that are near to you, but objects that are farther away appear to be blurry. Myopia usually occurs when the shape of your eye causes light rays to focus before the retina instead of focusing on it.

Short-Sightedness may develop gradually with age, especially during the adolescent years.

Common Symptoms of Myopia

Common symptoms of myopia include[4]:

  • Distant objects appear blurry
  • Need to squint or partially close your eyelids to see clearly
  • Frequent headaches
  • Eyestrain

Short-sightedness is usually detected during childhood and diagnosed between the early school years through the teenage years.

What Causes Myopia?

Myopia arises when the size of the eye is longer than usual, which does not allow the light to focus on the retina[5]. It may also arise due to abnormal curvature of the cornea. In a few cases, myopia may also occur due to a combination of these issues. Such an abnormality causes the light rays to focus in front of the retina, instead of on the retina itself.

Generally, myopia begins in childhood, and you may have an increased risk if your parents are short-sighted. In most cases, short-sightedness alleviates itself during early adulthood, but sometimes it persists and keeps progressing with age.

Common Treatments For Myopia

Short-sightedness can be corrected using different types of corrective visual aids and procedures such as eyeglasses, contact lenses or refractive surgery[6].

Depending on the severity of the condition, you may need to keep wearing your contact lenses or eyeglasses all the time. For example, when you are driving or watching something, such as a movie or a presentation, you may need to wear your contact lenses.

If you’re short-sighted, the first number (‘sphere’) on your eyeglasses or contact lenses prescription will have a minus sign (–) preceding it. The higher the number is, the more myopic you are.

Today, considering the many advancements in the contact lens industry, now, there are different types of contact lenses made with different materials and technology that correct myopia.

Apart from different prescription lenses, another treatment for myopia is refractive surgery, as it can reduce and may even eliminate the need for eyeglasses or contact lenses.

Consult an Eye Care Professional

If you are facing problems seeing distant objects, you must see an eye care professional.

In case you have short-sightedness, there are multiple ways to slow down its progression. Getting a comprehensive eye examination performed helps you better understand your eye health and enables you to make a better choice to improve your eyesight.

Corrective Contact Lenses For Myopia or Short-Sightedness From Bausch+Lomb

Bausch + Lomb offers corrective contact lenses for short-sightedness that provide sharp vision and a comfortable wearing experience for extended periods. Explore our range of contact lenses and find the perfect pair for stability, visual acuity, and comfortable fit.

Some of our popular contact lenses that come in the modalities of monthly disposable contact lenses and daily disposable contact lenses are:

Key Features:

  • Biotrue ONEday Daily Disposable Contact Lenses
  • Ultra Contact Lenses
  • PureVision2 HD Contact Lenses
  • Soflens Daily Disposable Contact Lenses
  • iConnect Contact Lenses

All these different types of contact lenses are designed and engineered to deliver crisp vision and also keep your eyes healthy. Bausch+Lomb contact lenses ensure that you enjoy a premium contact lens wearing experience.

You can consult an eye care professional about different types of contact lenses from Bausch+Lomb and choose one that suits your requirements. Additionally, you can go over the instructions for handling, storing and cleaning your contact lenses, with your optometrist. Make sure that you see an optometrist before purchasing or wearing contact lenses.

Sources:
[1] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3714946/
[2] https://www.aaojournal.org/article/S0161-6420(16)00025-7/abstract
[3] https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28752898/
[4] https://www.aao.org/eye-health/diseases/myopia-nearsightedness
[5] https://www.webmd.com/eye-health/nearsightedness-myopia
[6] https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/short-sightedness/treatment/

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